A map of the fictional Middle-earth that was annotated by Lord of the Rings author JRR Tolkien has been bought by Oxford’s Bodleian Library.
It was previously owned by illustrator Pauline Baynes, who produced the first illustrative map for Tolkien’s trilogy.
It was unseen for decades until last October, when a book shop put it on display for an asking price of £60,000.
On the map, Tolkien adds place names in Elvish, one of the languages he created for the books.
Ms Baynes was introduced to Tolkien when she first submitted illustrations for his Middle-earth epic in 1949.
Tolkien went on to introduce her to fellow author CS Lewis, for whose Narnia books she also went on to produce illustrations.
The map, which was bought by the Bodleian Libraries for about the asking price, will become part of its Tolkien archive and could be exhibited to the public.
On the annotated map, Tolkien instructs Ms Baynes on the placement of important towns and cities like Hobbiton, the home of the trilogy’s hero Frodo Baggins.
In one annotation he writes Hobbiton should be “approximately at the latitude of Oxford”, where the author lived.
The Bodleian Libraries’ keeper of special collections Chris Fletcher, said: “We’re delighted to have been able to acquire this map and it’s particularly appropriate that we are keeping it in Oxford.
“Tolkien spent almost the whole of his adult life in the city and was clearly thinking about its geographical significance as he composed elements of the map.”
The map was originally drawn by Tolkien’s son Christopher for the 1954 edition of the book.